Philosophical–culturological journal Topos announces a call for papers for the next issue. Topic of the issue—“Neoliberal Economics: Social and Anthropological Implications of Marketism.”
Submission deadline—June 1, 2015.
Requirements for papers can be found at http://topos.ehu.lt/en/journal/info-for-authors.
Materials should be sent to journal.topos @ ehu.lt.
The European society of modernity was established through the emancipation of various social spheres, politics and economics in particular. According to Adam Smith, market as a meta-social model made it possible to eliminate the estate differentiation of society, thus implementing the ‘equality of opportunities’ principle. It resulted in the emergence of homo aequalis (Louis Dumont), the substitution of values with prices, and the predominance of the ‘cynical’ and ‘instrumental rationality’.
Since the second half of the twentieth century the ‘(neo)liberalism’ notion have been applied mostly to economic realities, which caused a shift from the reflections on the liberal bases of the Western society to the critics of total commercialization and commodification. At the same time, contemporary globalization tendencies and the world geopolitical structure require philosophical comprehension of the ideological foundations of modernization. Moreover, there should be a theoretical distinction between the political and economic liberalism: in the periphery and semi-periphery countries the critics of the democratic and liberal ideology is often accompanied with active integration into the global market. Besides, recurrent system crises of the ‘credit economics’ stimulate search for economic alternatives to the market system, which leads to rethinking of communitarian utopia in its economic aspects (e.g. Kojin Karatani). Another topic of interest is not only geographical but also social expansion of the market model when “semi-autonomous social spheres fall into the market” (Craig Calhoun). A vivid example is the rapid marketization of universities, more and more frequently guided by rate of profit and marketing strategies rather than the Enlightenment ideals.
Thus, three main problematic areas can be noted:
1. Internal contradictions in the countries with developed economy (crises, caused by imperfections of the market economy model);
2. Marketization of the social spheres, initially independent from the ‘calculating rationality’ (the environment and education issues appear to be the most vulnerable here);
3. Implementation of the market model in the third and second world countries presupposing various ideological hybrids rather than an acceptance of the integral ‘liberalist package’.
The purpose of this issue is to describe the peculiarities of the contemporary ‘market society’, to reveal possible theoretical and practical alternatives to this model, as well as the limits and the specificity of its extrapolation on other social and cultural domains. A special emphasis is put on the implementations of the market model in post-Soviet countries and on the social and cultural aftermath of its dissemination.
Thematic priorities of the issue:
market as a universal social model for the European modernity: genealogy of the ‘tradesmen society’ (Adam Smith);
market and a sovereign individual: the dialectics of modern agency;
‘market logics’ and sociocultural patterns in the 21st century: marketism and its alternatives;
expansion of the ‘market orientation’ onto the non-economic spheres;
marketization of universities – from the ‘temple of science’ to ‘educational services’;
internal transformations of the neoliberal economics: bitcoin and new temporality of the financial markets;
‘debt economy’ (Étienne Balibar): ‘borrower’ as a new anthropological model;
capitalism as a (trans)formation—global expansion and local peculiarities;
economic and social transformations of the post-Soviet states—corruption and ‘façade’ capitalism?
pan-economism and the comeback of the ‘big politics’: contemporary confrontation (economic sanctions vs. military campaigns).